How Physical Therapy Helps After Severe Brain Injuries

For someone who has suffered severe brain injuries or traumatic brain injury (TBI), physical therapy can really come in handy, and it can be a life-changing treatment. A person is diagnosed with TBI when an injury damages the brain in a way that it changes the way it functions. Some of the most common things that lead to TBI are car crashes, falls and sometimes even a major blow to the head can result in severe brain damage.

It’s difficult to tell if someone is suffering from TBI after an accident because these signs aren’t that obvious. What usually happens with patients is that they start experiencing signs like memory loss, sometimes it’s their vision that’s affected, and in some cases, they witness and balancing and hearing problems.

How Can a Physical Therapist Help With TBI?

A lot of you might be wondering how exactly can some physical activity or therapy fix the damage that’s done to the brain? Well, if you do have this question then stick with us till the end because we are going to explain it all to you in detail.

Traumatic brain injuries can cause a variety of symptoms. For example, the person can become sensitive to touch, light and in some cases, sound too. Not only this, in fact, he/she might have difficulty turning over in bed or sitting straight, walking and talking too. Now this is where physical therapy (PT) comes in handy. With PT, the patient’s balance, coordination and stability can be improved.

TBI is considered a serious health problem, and it’s not only the balance or the coordination of the body that gets disturbed; some people even experience complete loss of control over their feelings and emotions. It’s not that with physical therapy, this problem can be eliminated from its roots, the brain will always take it’s time to recover and to come back to normal. But, physical therapy, like fysioterapeut kristiansand, it’s imperative in this case as it can help the patient with a lot more other things. Starting with;

➔ Improved patterns of movement
➔ Improved concentration and alertness levels
➔ Less fatigue and improved injury levels
➔ Quicker recovery
➔ Muscle strength, energy boost, mobility

These are just a few benefits of PT for those who’ve had severe brain injuries. You have to ensure that you are opting for the right and the most professional physical therapist as it’s a sensitive case. The therapist will decide upon the exercising and the physical therapy himself once he observes the TBI patient and the severity of symptoms. Remember, your brain will always take its course of time to recover, but with physical therapy, you can fasten up the recovery and healing process. It’s the duty of the therapist to come up with restorative and preventive measures that can help the TBI patient. Also, these professionals will work with the family and the loved ones of the patient to understand what they are going through and provide them with as much support as he can.

Head Injury: Types, Causes, and Symptoms

A head injury is any kind of injury which can occur to your brain, skull, scalp. These injuries can be anything a mild bump or a brain trauma. The most common type of head injuries includes skull fractures, scalp wounds and concussions. Head injuries are classified into two types. A closed head injury is the one which does not break the skull and an open head injury refers to one which breaks your scalp and skull. It is hard to access the seriousness of the head injury only by looking at it and can be hard to assess on the severity only by looking.

In general there are two categories these head injuries are divided into, a head injury caused by shaking is one of the most common in infants and a head blow is caused by accidents that is related to motor vehicle accidents, falls and other kind of assaults.

Types of head injury

  • Hematoma
  • Haemorrhage
  • Concussion
  • Edema
  • Skull fracture
  • Diffuse axonal injury

Symptoms of head injury

You head has more blood vessels than any other parts of your body and bleeding on the surface of your brain or within your brain is one of the most serious concern. Most head  injuries do not lead to bleeding and it is always a good idea to make sure that you have yourself checked after any fall or hit to your head. Some common symptoms that occur due to head injuries include a headache, lightheadedness, a spinning sensation, mild confusion, nausea, and also ringing in the ears. Some other kind of injuries include seizures, vomiting, coordination problems, disorientation, inability to focus and abnormal eye moments, memory loss and a clear fluid leaking from the ears or the nose.

Head injury requires medical attention

A head injury should never be taken lightly and it is important that you make sure that you see a doctor immediately. Always take immediate medical attention if you experience the above mentioned symptoms.

Diagnosis

There are many ways that a doctor will assess your head injury one of the most common Glasgow Coma Scale. The GCS is a 15 point test that assess your mental state and if it indicates to be higher it is hows that the injury is less severe. There are many imaging tests are commonly used to diagnose head injury. A CT scan will help your doctor look fractures and evidence of bleeding and clotting, brain swelling, etc. This is typically the first course of action that is taken to help ensure that most accurate measures are taken. This gives the doctor a very detailed look at your brain and they derive valuable information which can make sure that you brain is in stable condition.

 

 

 

 

Head Injury Prevention Tips

It is important that you learn about all the ways you can keep you head protected to help ensure that when you are met with an expected event you are protected. This helps you to reduce the risk of any traumatic brain injury which can be devastating. Having a devastating head injury might be the reason for you to not being able to have a normal quality if life. There are many ways that you can easily prevent it from happening as it is as simple as wearing a helmet or buying a slip free mat. Here are certain things that you should be aware of these prevention tips that can keep you safe.

Wear your seat belt

Seat belt is known to reduce any injuries that can help reduce the serious injuries to about 50%. It is important that you wear a seat belt when you are driving a motor vehicle. Also, it is important that if there is a child involved it is important that you have them buckled and the child safety feature is activated to keep them safe.

Don’t drink and drive

Driving under influence or even when you are prescribed medication can impair a person’s ability to drive and impair the person’s ability to drive. Alcohol impaired drivers are involved in more than three death crash deaths which can result in more than 11,000 deaths.

Don’t text while you drive

Text or calling while you drive has four times likely chances that you get into a serious car crash which can cause deaths.

Wear a helmet

Adults and children can wear a helmet and protective gear when you are participating any sport events. You need to wear helmet when you are riding a bike, motorcycle or skateboard, skiing, snowboarding or playing any kind of contact sport like football, etc.

Prevent falls at home

Falls an easily be prevented in order to keep away from any head injuries. You can install handrails in bathroom and on both sides of a stairways. You can remove any hazardous things that can lead you to tripping and getting injured. You can improve the lighting throughout your home and you can maintain regular activity for older adults. You can also use nonslip mats which can make sure that you have the right grip.

Prevent head injuries in children

Head injuries can be prevented in children by installing window guards on open windows. You can use safety gates at the top and bottom of the stairs. You can keep stairs clean and clutter free. you can use a non slip mat in bathtub or the shower floor. If you have a playground you can add shock absorbent material on the ground.