Head Injury: Types, Causes, and Symptoms

A head injury is any kind of injury which can occur to your brain, skull, scalp. These injuries can be anything a mild bump or a brain trauma. The most common type of head injuries includes skull fractures, scalp wounds and concussions. Head injuries are classified into two types. A closed head injury is the one which does not break the skull and an open head injury refers to one which breaks your scalp and skull. It is hard to access the seriousness of the head injury only by looking at it and can be hard to assess on the severity only by looking.

In general there are two categories these head injuries are divided into, a head injury caused by shaking is one of the most common in infants and a head blow is caused by accidents that is related to motor vehicle accidents, falls and other kind of assaults.

Types of head injury

  • Hematoma
  • Haemorrhage
  • Concussion
  • Edema
  • Skull fracture
  • Diffuse axonal injury

Symptoms of head injury

You head has more blood vessels than any other parts of your body and bleeding on the surface of your brain or within your brain is one of the most serious concern. Most head  injuries do not lead to bleeding and it is always a good idea to make sure that you have yourself checked after any fall or hit to your head. Some common symptoms that occur due to head injuries include a headache, lightheadedness, a spinning sensation, mild confusion, nausea, and also ringing in the ears. Some other kind of injuries include seizures, vomiting, coordination problems, disorientation, inability to focus and abnormal eye moments, memory loss and a clear fluid leaking from the ears or the nose.

Head injury requires medical attention

A head injury should never be taken lightly and it is important that you make sure that you see a doctor immediately. Always take immediate medical attention if you experience the above mentioned symptoms.


There are many ways that a doctor will assess your head injury one of the most common Glasgow Coma Scale. The GCS is a 15 point test that assess your mental state and if it indicates to be higher it is hows that the injury is less severe. There are many imaging tests are commonly used to diagnose head injury. A CT scan will help your doctor look fractures and evidence of bleeding and clotting, brain swelling, etc. This is typically the first course of action that is taken to help ensure that most accurate measures are taken. This gives the doctor a very detailed look at your brain and they derive valuable information which can make sure that you brain is in stable condition.





Head Injury Prevention Tips

It is important that you learn about all the ways you can keep you head protected to help ensure that when you are met with an expected event you are protected. This helps you to reduce the risk of any traumatic brain injury which can be devastating. Having a devastating head injury might be the reason for you to not being able to have a normal quality if life. There are many ways that you can easily prevent it from happening as it is as simple as wearing a helmet or buying a slip free mat. Here are certain things that you should be aware of these prevention tips that can keep you safe.

Wear your seat belt

Seat belt is known to reduce any injuries that can help reduce the serious injuries to about 50%. It is important that you wear a seat belt when you are driving a motor vehicle. Also, it is important that if there is a child involved it is important that you have them buckled and the child safety feature is activated to keep them safe.

Don’t drink and drive

Driving under influence or even when you are prescribed medication can impair a person’s ability to drive and impair the person’s ability to drive. Alcohol impaired drivers are involved in more than three death crash deaths which can result in more than 11,000 deaths.

Don’t text while you drive

Text or calling while you drive has four times likely chances that you get into a serious car crash which can cause deaths.

Wear a helmet

Adults and children can wear a helmet and protective gear when you are participating any sport events. You need to wear helmet when you are riding a bike, motorcycle or skateboard, skiing, snowboarding or playing any kind of contact sport like football, etc.

Prevent falls at home

Falls an easily be prevented in order to keep away from any head injuries. You can install handrails in bathroom and on both sides of a stairways. You can remove any hazardous things that can lead you to tripping and getting injured. You can improve the lighting throughout your home and you can maintain regular activity for older adults. You can also use nonslip mats which can make sure that you have the right grip.

Prevent head injuries in children

Head injuries can be prevented in children by installing window guards on open windows. You can use safety gates at the top and bottom of the stairs. You can keep stairs clean and clutter free. you can use a non slip mat in bathtub or the shower floor. If you have a playground you can add shock absorbent material on the ground.